Gobi is always a peace of nature. When you arrive in Gobi, you'll find some kind of relaxation. You can rest yourself without any worries and rushes to somewhere.
The Gobi desert, one of the world's great deserts, covers much of the southern part of Mongolia. Unlike the Sahara there are few sand dunes in the Gobi; rather you'll find large barren expenses of gravel plains and rocky outcrops. The climate here is extreme. Temperatures reach +40° C in summer, and -40 in winter. Precipitation averages less than 100 mm per year, while some areas only get rain once every two or three years. Strong winds up to 140 km/h at spring and fall time. Great Gobi National Park is one of the largest World Biospheres, with an area larger than Switzerland. It contains the last remaining wild Bacterian (two-humped) camels, wild ass, gazelle and a small population of Gobi bears, the only desert-inhabiting bear.
BAGA GAZRIIN CHULUU /rock formation/ is a 15 km long and 10 km wide stone massif, is located 30 km to the south east of Adaatsag soum, Middle Gobi. Over 20 kinds of medical herbs and many species of animals such as wild sheep, ibex and marmot exist here, Surtiin am is one of many beautiful places in Baga gazriin stone massif. This is a narrow canyon with asp, birch, white whicker and elm tree, as well the ruin of a stone temple and the site of 2 yurts where monks lived and meditated since the seventieth century.
White Stupa is located in Ulziit Soum, MIddle Gobi. The name Tsagaan Suvarga (White Stupa) is given by local people to the impressive and legendary cliff which is eroded by natural phenomen on. Having 10 million years history, the cliff indicates different times by its colored layers. Tsagaan Suvarga is interesting to see the sheer slope, facing east, which from a distance seems to be the ruins of the ancient city.
BAYANZAG - FLAMING CLIFFS
Bayanzag is located near by Bulgan Village, and archaeological finds of the Paleolithic Era, which are displayed in Natural History Museum in Ulaanbaatar, were found here. In the west the site is better known as the Flaming Cliffs, so named by explorer Roy Charman Andrews. In the same area he discovered petrified forests, remains of mammals and in particular the skeleton of a hornless rhinoceros, the largest known mammal in the world. Other finds in this location were complete dinosaur skeletons, eggs with a diameter of 10-15cm and hatch longs from the Cretaceous Period. And also there are saxual forest known as Gobi forest.
YOLYN AM - VULTURE GORGE
Yoliin Valley is the narrow canyon of a river that flows through Zuun Saikhan Mountain (2,816m above sea level). The gorge has sheer rock walls with a height of 200m in the central part of the gorge. It has been protected since 1965 and has an area of 70 square kilometers of strictly protected area. A spring is two or three kilometers long. The wind strongly flows through gorge and freezes into a thick corridor of ice that stretches along for a distance. During the rainy season, rain falls at the summit of the mountain and flows down into the sheer canyon, forming waterfalls. Only two people can pass through the narrowest part at the same time and you will see only a blue line of a sky. Ibex, mountain goat, red fox, vultures and other species of animals are local inhabitants of this place. A small museum marks the entrance to the protected zone and provides information on the petrified trees, fauna and flora of the Gobi.
KHONGOR SAND DUNE (KHONGORYN ELS)
This is a Mongolian largest sand dune reaching a height of 800 meter in some highest areas. The sand dunes in Sevrei sum, South Gobi aimag, are called Khongoryn Els. These dunes are 20 km wide and 100 km long. The Khongoryn River flows along the sand dunes and gives birth to oases. The sand dune change the color with each hour of one day, from yellow to silver to rise colored at dawn / sundown. This dune is considered one of the biggest dunes with it is length of 180 km and width of 3-5 km. The dunes make sound like plane engine in a windy day so it has been named as "Singing Dunes".
/ongi monastery/ It is the ruin of a big monastery on the bank of the Ongiin River.
This monastery has 28 temples and other buildings on the south slope of the Rocky Mountain like Balsa country and stupas which are not broken. This monastery had about 1000 lamas and it was destroyed during the Stalinist purges in 1930s. The ruins of Ongi Temple are found in Saikhan Ovoo soum of Dundgobi (Middle Gobi) province. It used to be a big Buddhist monastery compound built by Bari Yonzon Khamba Lamaist bishop at the Ongi river.
Ikh gazriin chuluu
This is one of many interesting places in Mongolia. It is a mountain of granite rock in the Gobi desert with a peak of 1706m high. It is afforded opportunity to visit this interesting site. These rocky mountains are situated in Gurvansaikhan sum of Dundgov aimag. They spread out from west to east covering about 20 kilometers. There are many interesting stories about local historic people who had lived or had been hidden in caves from the royalties of that time. These caves are usually named after those people. It has a rich family of plants and is a home to many wild animals. There has an open theatre of national Long song of Mongolia.
Khermen Tsav is an alluring red looking canyon that stretches for 15-20 km. 65-250 million years ago Khermen Tsav was an ocean bed. After dried out, millions of years wind and water erosion formed this majestic looking canyon with moon surface shapes. The red colors in the sunset brings you feel like you are on the moon surface. American Scholar and Paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews named this place as "The end of the world". The site is known not only by its beauty of natural formation, but also by its findings of dinosaur fossils and eggs. The first full skeleton of a dinosaur was found in this place.